Skincare

Exfoliation

Hello lovelies, how is everyone, well I hope. I know I haven’t been posting much and that’s my bad. I haven’t been feeling to well but I’m trying. Today I wanted to talk about exfoliation, and why you should be doing it, the types of exfoliants, what they do and how often to do it. So lets get into it…

Why should you exfoliate? There are many reasons but the key reasons:

  • Improves skin texture.
  • Removes dry flaky skin and dead skin cells.
  • Minimizes the appearance of large pores.
  • Helps prevent breakouts.
  • Evens out skin tone and fades dark spots.
  • Allows skin care products to penetrate even better.
  • Smoother makeup application.
  • Reduces fine lines and signs of aging.
  • Boosts circulation and lymphatic drainage.

There are 2 types of exfoliation, Physical and Chemical. Let’s start with Physical Exfoliation: physical exfoliants include scrubs, microdermabrasion, exfoliating gloves, cloths and brushes. Exfoliating scrubs are very well known and used a good bit, it’s satisfying to scrub and see the dead skin slough off. There are 3 types of scrub granules- Plastic microbeads which aren’t good for the environment, they come in a wide range of colors and sizes, you can find them under the names polyethylene, polypropylene, nylon-6, nylon-11, and polymethyl methacrylate. I know big scary words. Another scrub is Jojoba beads, they’re a translucent white and very fine grain; you can find them under the names hydrogenated jojoba oil, and jojoba esters. Lastly are Salt and Sugar grains, little crystals that melt in water, the harshness depends on the size of the grain. Another type of physical exfoliant are peeling gels and gommages, they’re the gentlest form. Cellulose fibers or carbomer ball up when they com into contact with the oil on the skin forming soft rolls on your skin, they grab hold of dead skin and dirt as well. There of course facial brushes both electric (Clarisonic) and manual (Eco Tools Facial Cleansing Brush) exfoliating gloves and cloths are mainly used for the body. The last form of physical exfoliation is Microdermabrasion; microdermabrasion is a professional exfoliation, using a special tool that shoots alumina grains at your skin. It’s also the deepest form of physical exfoliation.

On to Chemical Exfoliation; a chemical exfoliant cant be seen, but it helps to break up dirt in the pores and the bonds holding onto dead skin cells, helping to reveal a healthy and glowing complexion. Chemical exfoliation uses active ingredients like AHA (alpha hydroxy acids) BHA (beta hydroxy acids) and enzymes. Chemical exfoliation resurfaces the overall texture of skin, brightening dull skin and evens out skin tone by inhibiting excess melanin production which helps with hyperpigmentation, acne scarring and anti-aging. Your skin type determines how often to exfoliate your skin, oily skin 3-4 times a week. Dry skin 2-3 times a week. Normal skin 2 times a week. Sensitive skin once a week. Mature/Aging skin 2-3 times a week ( depending on the type) however over exfoliation can leave skin feeling tight and tingly. When too many layers of skin are removed, the skin can’t form a protective barrier adequately. So I hope y’all enjoyed this post on exfoliation and found it somewhat helpful. Until next time…

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